The Structure and Function of Nervous System and Skeletal Muscle: A Review


  • Hamidreza Shirzadfar Department of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Shahid Ashrafi Isfahani University, Isfahan, Iran.


Nervous System, Muscular system, CNS, ANS


The human body can be divided into different parts. This division is often done to discuss different body structures and to accurately describe the movement of a part of the body. The human body is usually described on the basis of three main levels of motion that are perpendicular to each other. A parabolic surface is a surface that cuts the entire length of the body from front to back. The transverse surface is the surface that cuts the full length of the body from left to right. A horizontal surface is a surface that cuts the entire width of the body from right to left as well as from front to back. The horizontal surface divides the body horizontally into upper and lower halves and separates the two parts. In this article, we will look at the nervous, muscular, and skeletal systems involved in movement. Understanding the components of the nervous system without considering the public relations between them is called neuroanatomy and studying the relations between the components of the nervous system and in fact recognizing the mechanisms in it is called the physiology of the nervous system. In order to better understand the physiology of the nervous system, we first point out that this system is composed of three completely separate and at the same time coordinated parts. This system consists of three parts: Central Nervous System (CNS), Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) and Autonomic Nerous System (ANS).


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